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Palacio Güell / Stained Glass
Palacio Güell / Stained Glass /

Palau Güell. 1886-1889.
Stained glass Main room
These windows located on the top of the rear arches behind the dome. (2.43 x 5 meters) This is a group of four windows of different sizes, quite colorful and this is the first representation of abstraction in modern art that will open the doors of Picasso to explore cubism.
Picasso had an artist's studio in front of the Güell Palace.
In Gaudí's work, glass is used as a decorative and functional element. Because one of the architect's main concerns over time will be to illuminate a decorative element in the window that will allow him to play and capture light better.

In the palace, we can find different types of windows.

Window of the senyera (Catalan flag). Designed by Gaudí, he uses a glass cathedral. A type of smooth glass on one side and the other slightly irregular with different effects of light. This window with the Catalan flag represents the Renaissance, a movement that sought to find culture, traditions and Catalan, closely linked to Eusebi Güell and was one of the founders of the movement.

Window of the piano nobile waiting room: the medallions in the center are frosted glass. This technique treated with glasses and varnishes with hydrofluoric acid to form drawings or letters from the contrast that results from the parts attacked with acid (mate) and treated with varnish is transparent. The rest of the window consists of a type of molded glass (type of glass consisting of ornamental shapes with reliefs of molds).

Window with the initials of Eusebi Güell: the central medallion is engraved and the rest of the window is painted cold.

Stained Hall Trust: the window is etched, the hydrofluoric acid varnish mix can play with more partners and other brighter areas through which the scene is drawn. It was designed by CAMI Olivera and represents the soldiers who served the order of Carlos I and his son Felip II and who were dressed in typical clothes of the Spanish thirds. This form of window is inspired by the private collection of stained glass Paloma Somacarrera and originated in the Amigó workshop, the most important stained glass window of the brand in Barcelona at the end of the 19th century. The scene is inspired by a painting titled Antonio Pérez, published by the painter Manuel Ferrer Bayonne (who also collaborated with Güell to make several portraits). In fact, the image was the inspiration for another scene that is lost and represents the main characters. It is believed that both scenes took place in the palace of Fonollar. The painting is currently visible in the Víctor Balaguer museum in Vilanova, whose origin is the library of the Prado Museum.

Glazed corridor that connects the palace with Bertran's house: cathedral type. The use of this technique that associates a part of the flat and the other slightly irregular glass confers a remarkable effect of light, playing with the intensity and tone of the room.

The crystal room visits the medallions with 2 characters of Sheakspear (King Lear and Count Bertran) engraved, and the rest is a kind of molded glass (mold with ornamental reliefs).

Window of the room of Isabel Güell: other 2 personages appear in Sheakspear (Macbeth, Hamlet). It is made with a Ciba type glass. A disc-shaped glass with different concentric thicknesses that contribute to different color intensities of the window. The central part is usually the thickness and color of the highest concentration.

Window of the Golfas: Glass Cathedral that combines different colors, allowing the whole show to become a mosaic, but this time, instead of using different colors, use glass as a unique element. This idea to build this enameled tile is to capture more light.

Palacio Güell / Stained Glass
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